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Termite infestations in homes will often go undetected by homeowners for years since it's hard to distinguish evidence of action. Termites will hide in walls or in crawl spaces or in other inaccessible areas within a house. They're sneaky. They dont want to be found or even be outside in sunlight. .
Most termite species are native to North America. Formosan termites are the only species which has been transported to U.S. after World War II and are found primarily in California, Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
Termites have three body segments (head, thorax, and abdomen) that are joined widely, unlike many ants. Species aside, termites are divided into the following broad groups:
Termite larvae are very small and white in color. The immatures are cared for by the other termites in the nest until they develop into a worker. Whether they turned into a reproductive or worker depends on the needs of their colony and will be determined during molting.
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Termites are identified in a few different ways. The primary thing that people need to bear in mind is that many times to find evidence of action you really need to conduct a thorough termite inspection.
Termite droppings (Frass)A heap of feces pellets can be indicative of a termite infestation. The termite droppings often resemble sawdust, because the stool is comprised of the wood the termites consume.
SwarmersTermite swarms will be the #1 way that many homeowners recognize that they have a termite infestation. These winged termites emerge from nests in large groups. Individuals might see these winged insects pop out and fly around in swarms near a property. Swarmers are looking to partner and contact the ground.
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Mud tubesFor subterranean termites, you can identify action by identifying sand tubes (also called foraging tubes) that termites use for transportation from dirt to cellulose material (AKA your house). They will build mud tubes whenever they'll be exposed to mild and predators. In this manner they have a protected traveling way to get from Point A to Point B..
You can often find termites on foundation walls where there's an expansion seam where they can get at the structural timber that is resting on the surface of the foundation (basement walls or crawl space walls). Sometimes you'll find termites in the corner of the joists and the header planks in the substructure of a house.
Termite galleries and damaged woodAnother way you can identify termite activity is to examine ruined timber for termite galleries. For people who are not trained, it can be challenging to do. Generally, subterranean termite galleries proceed with the grain of the wood. These galleries may often contain sand. Termites want to maintain an optimal humidity/moisture level wherever theyre traveling since they desiccate relatively readily.
Termite galleries are typically found on the substructure of a house like the basement or even a crawlspace. If you examine the structures header board and floor joists that rest upon the foundation wall, you might have the his comment is here ability to identify the gallery. At that point in time, its highly recommended to call in a professional.
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Drywood termites are a tiny bit different. They dont originate from the soil. They really gallery outside and live in the timber theyre infesting and feeding on. In areas where drywoods are prevalent, you may often find them infesting attics, ceiling joists, roof rafters, on the wooden exteriors of homes, wood poles, wood fascia boards, exposed rafter tails and other wooden constructions in and around a home.You will not find subway in drywood termite galleries but you'll find mosquito pellets.
The pellets almost look like thick grain sand. The color of drywood termite pellets can vary depending on the type of wood they're infesting on. .
Depending on where you reside in the United States, the termite pressures confronted may be very different. In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of termites, only 20 of which are of concern for structures.Subterranean termites are the most common species of termites in pop over here many areas in the U.S.
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In states like California and Florida, drywood termites are only as prevalent as subterranean termites. .
Termites are not massive insects. By way of instance, drywood termite swarmers are about a half-inch in dimension. Eastern subterranean termite swarmers are somewhat bigger.
Termites consume cellulose material. They will feed on anything that contains cellulose. Most houses are constructed of conventional timber that contain cellulose. Termites have also been known to feed on paper, cardboard, cotton tops or anything that contains cellulose as a food supply.